India resumes mango exports to the US after two years

India has resumed mango exports to the United States after a two-year pandemic-induced hiatus. More than 1,000 tons of alphonso, kesar and other varieties of mangoes have been shipped recently, trade sources said.

India also exported mangoes to Japan for the first time, while shipments to South Korea also resumed after two years.

Officials told FE that in the current year, alphonso and kesar mangoes from India have been sold in the US market at a premium of $9 and $7 per kg, respectively, compared to 3 to 4 $ per kg made from mangoes from other countries.

Mango exports were halted in 2020 and 2021 as US Department of Agriculture (USDA) inspectors were unable to travel to India to inspect irradiation facilities due to travel restrictions due to Covid19 .

Mangoes exported to the United States undergo an irradiation process, where the fruit is exposed to gamma radiation, which kills any insects or pesticides inside the fruit.

The Agricultural and Processed Foods Development Authority (Apeda) aims to increase India’s presence in the US mango market, which is mainly dominated by countries like Peru, Brazil and Venezuela.

Following a Phytosanitary Framework Agreement signed between the Department of Agriculture and the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service earlier this year, mango exports from three irradiation facilities in Vashi (Navi Mumbai), Nasik and Bengaluru started.

Apeda has organized a series of mango promotion programs in Dubai, Bahrain, Denmark, San Francisco, Turkey, Afghanistan and Germany.

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India has started exporting mangoes to Japan with a shipment of around 50 tons. Apeda, in collaboration with the Indian Embassy in Japan, organized a mango promotion program in supermarkets in Japan. Similarly, mango exports to South Korea also started this season after a two-year gap.

A Malaysian delegation inspected irradiation facilities in Mumbai, Nashik and Bengaluru, and ensured imports of mango varieties such as alphonso, kera and banganpalli from next season.

Apeda held a Mango Festival in Bahrain where 34 varieties of mangoes from Eastern states including West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand and Odisha were displayed at Bahrain’s Al Jazira Group supermarket.

Stating that India has been granted access to Argentina’s market for mango exports, Mr. Angamuthu, Chairman of Apeda, said that “our goal has been to export various unique varieties of mangoes from various states to more than 50 countries”.

India is the world’s largest producer of mangoes, followed by China. However, it exports less than 1% mainly due to lack of shipping container protocol and air freights are expensive. The uniqueness of Indian mangoes is its sweetness and small size.

In 2021-2022, the United Arab Emirates (44%), the United Kingdom (22%), Qatar (7%), Oman (6%) and Kuwait (5%) had an 84% share in the value of fresh mango exports from India.

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