International views on Russia plummeted, while views of NATO, U.S. increased, Pew survey finds

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In times of crisis, the international image of the United States, NATO and Russia has changed – opinions on Russia are plunging and opinions on the United States and NATO remain positive, even increasing, according to a Pew study of 18 countries.

In Poland, the changes have been dramatic. Opinions on the United States, the European Union and NATO have reached historic highs – each hovering around 90% – since the question was first asked in 2007. And opinions on Russia are dropped from a third of Poles sharing a favorable opinion in 2019 to a meager 2% in 2022.

Overall, Russia has seen a sharp decline in popularity since 2020. All 18 countries surveyed recorded historically low shares of positive views of the nation – even though Russia was already viewed in a relatively unfavorable light.

A median of 85% across nations viewed Russia unfavorably this year. In the United States, positive views of Russia have fallen from 15% in 2020 to 7% this year.

Trust in Russian President Vladimir Putin has also taken a hit, hitting a two-decade low in the majority of places polled. Only a median of 9% across nations trusted Putin to “do the right thing in world affairs”.

Sixty percent felt the same way about President Biden, even though his ratings fell in most countries over the year.

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Among the 11 NATO member states and Sweden, a median of two-thirds had a positive view of the military alliance. The attitude of the Swedes towards NATO has gradually become positive over the past six years. In 2016, only 58% of Swedish respondents had a favorable opinion of NATO; the number has gradually increased to about 70% in 2021. Even during the survey weeks in 2022, the numbers have increased further – from 77% around early March to 84% in mid-April.

Opinions on the United States remained largely positive at around 60%, according to the poll. But while a median of 79% found the US to be “a reliable partner,” a similar percentage described US partisan conflict as strong or very strong. In most of the countries studied, the opinion on the reliability of the United States as a partner has strengthened during the year, notably by 25% in South Korea.

In Poland, US ratings are at an all-time high; only 3% of respondents had an unfavorable opinion of the nation. This compares to over 30% with unfavorable US opinions in Germany, Canada and the UK, for example.

The Pew Research Center shed light on Poland, which the center says has seen a “dramatic shift in attitudes” since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Ninety-four percent of Poles polled have “no trust” in Putin and see Russia as a major threat – the latter standing at 65% in 2018.

At the same time, Poland, which was once part of the eastern bloc of the Soviet Union and is now a member of both NATO and the EU, has recorded record views of the United States , the EU and NATO.

Global Attitudes Research associate director Jacob Poushter told The Washington Post that “Polish attitudes toward foreign affairs are affected by domestic political considerations.”

In general, he said, people who have an unfavorable view of the ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party tend to view the EU more favorably and say the 27-member bloc promotes prosperity and respects human rights. Polish values. And the same is true of the reverse.

Data collection for the 2022 World Attitude Survey involved nearly 20,000 adults in 18 countries – including Canada, Sweden, Singapore, Israel, Poland and France – between mid-February and mid -May, with data collection in most countries beginning shortly after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. . The United States was also asked about the views of Russia and NATO.

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