Mapping Monkeypox Cases in the U.S. | Health News

Since the first case of monkeypox was reported in the United States in mid-May, infections have reached the highest number reported in any country.

The United States has documented nearly 5,200 cases of monkeypox as of July 29, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The states reporting the highest number of cases are New York, California, Illinois, Florida, Texas and Georgia. This is the largest outbreak of monkeypox ever seen in the United States

As federal authorities consider declaring monkeypox a national public health emergency, some jurisdictions, including New York and San Francisco, have charted their own course.

The World Health Organization, meanwhile, declared monkeypox a public health emergency of international concern in July, with WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus noting that the outbreak has spread. quickly around the world through new modes of transmission that are not fully understood.

“This is an epidemic that can be stopped if countries, communities and individuals educate themselves, take the risks seriously and take the necessary steps to stop transmission and protect vulnerable groups,” he said recently. Tedros at a press conference. “The best way to do this is to reduce the risk of exposure. It means making safe choices for yourself and for others.

Tedros went on to advise men who have sex with men to limit their risk of exposure by reducing their number of sexual partners.

“For men who have sex with men, this includes, for now, reducing your number of sexual partners, reconsidering sex with new partners, and exchanging contact information with any new partners to allow follow-up if necessary,” Tedros said.

He also warned against stigma and discrimination, saying it could further fuel the epidemic.

“Although 98% of cases to date are in men who have sex with men, anyone exposed can get monkeypox, which is why WHO recommends that countries take steps to reduce the risk of transmission to other vulnerable groups including children, pregnant women and those who are immunocompromised,” Tedros said.

Monkeypox is generally a mild disease, although the WHO estimates the mortality rate at around 3-6%.

According to the CDC, symptoms of monkeypox include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain and back pain
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Chills
  • Exhaustion
  • Respiratory symptoms (for example, sore throat, nasal congestion, or cough)
  • A rash that may look like pimples or blisters that appears on the face, inside the mouth, and on other parts of the body, such as the hands, feet, chest, genitals, or anus .

The CDC recommends people with monkeypox self-isolate for the duration of their illness, which typically lasts two to four weeks. Data suggests that people can spread monkeypox from the onset of symptoms until they resolve. Rashes are not considered cured until a new layer of skin has formed.

If isolation is not possible, the CDC recommends covering lesions, wearing a mask if experiencing respiratory symptoms, and avoiding physical contact with others, among other things.

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