On the day the U.S. Supreme Court decided to overturn Roe v Wade, removing constitutional protections for reproductive health, a series of U.S. states immediately moved to ban abortion in ruled areas of America. by Republicans.
Action was swift in many of the thirteen US states that had previously passed “trigger laws” banning abortion, designed to take effect when the federal abortion law was removed.
These states include Arkansas, Idaho, Kentucky, Louisiana, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah and Wyoming, according to The Washington Post. These laws prohibited abortion once that decision was made, required some sort of action by a state official certifying the Supreme Court’s decision, or stipulated that the ban would go into effect days or weeks later.
The Missouri legislation immediately took effect. Six minutes after the Supreme Court decision, Missouri Attorney General Eric Schmitt certified that decision, and tweeted: “Following the SCOTUS decision overturning Roe v. Wade, Missouri has just become the first country to effectively end abortion with our AG Notice signed moments ago. It’s a monumental day for sanctity of life.
Missouri law, which has no exceptions for rape or incest, classifies the act of inducing an abortion as a Class B felony, meaning it could result in a five to 15-year prison sentence. . That applies to abortion providers, though it’s unclear whether anyone could be prosecuted for using abortion-inducing drugs, according to the NPR station.
In South Dakota, effective today, all abortions are prohibited by law “unless there is proper and reasonable medical judgment that the performance of an abortion is necessary to preserve the pregnant woman’s life,” South Dakota Governor Kristi Noem announced with senior state lawmakers.
They added that they were planning a special legislative session “to save lives and help mothers affected by the decision”.
Kentucky’s abortion ban — which allows the procedure only to save a pregnant person’s life or prevent debilitating injury — also went into effect, the Louisville Courier-Journal reported. Similarly, the state’s trigger law stated that the state’s anti-abortion legislation would “go into effect immediately.”
The Kentucky American Civil Liberties Union reportedly said the state’s only full-time abortion clinic had stopped providing these procedures “as a precaution”. People seeking abortions will have few options nearby, as Illinois and Virginia are the only two of Kentucky’s seven neighboring states that have mostly unrestricted reproductive health services.
Abortion in Louisiana went into effect after Roe’s cancellation. It bans most abortions and makes them illegal. The law makes no exception for rape or incest, regardless of the pregnant person’s age, according to Nola.com.
The law allows exceptions where there is an extreme risk of death or disability. At the same time, the law requires a doctor to make “reasonable” efforts to save the fetus and the mother, the site says. State lawmakers have also moved to criminalize the purchase of abortion pills through the mail or over the Internet.
Arkansas’ abortion ban will go into effect as soon as the state’s attorney certifies that Roe has been overruled. Almost all abortions are banned except when a pregnant person faces a life-threatening medical emergency, The Arkansas Democrat Gazette reported.
Mississippi’s ban will go into effect “in days” and also requires approval from the state’s attorney general. In North Dakota, the abortion ban is enacted 30 days after its legislative council gave the go-ahead for certification by the state’s attorney general, The Washington Post reported.
Wyoming and Utah will see bans within 30 days of state authorities formally recognizing the Supreme Court’s ruling. Idaho’s ban will go into effect in 30 days, as will Tennessee’s, according to the newspaper.
The trigger law in Texas, which has already banned abortion at around the sixth week of pregnancy, will go into effect in a few weeks. The legislation prohibits all post-fertilization abortions except when necessary to save a patient’s life or stop “substantial impairment of a major bodily function,” the Texas Tribune reported.
Oklahoma, which has the toughest abortion ban in the United States, also has a trigger law. Under that law, providing an abortion is a felony, punishable by two to five years in prison, The Oklahoman reported.