Here’s where the world’s seven largest economies are on their clean energy transitions ahead of the 48th G7 Leaders’ Summit next week in Germany.
The G7 and clean energy – what they need to do
The G7 is made up of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.
A G7 pledge to “primarily decarbonize” electricity by 2035 means ending coal power by 2030. They must also, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA), push the wind and solar energy from about 75 gigawatts (GW) in 2020 to 230 GW by 2030. 2030.
The EU said yesterday it would temporarily revert to burning coal to cope with Russia’s gas supply cuts, but it says its climate goals will not be jeopardized by the move. EU officials did not provide a timeline for its temporary coal use plan.
Where is the G7 now
Here is an overview of each G7 country’s transition:
Canada: According to an update from Ember in March, Canada is committed to phasing out coal for electricity by 2030. More than two-thirds of electricity generation in Canada is already net zero, thanks to hydroelectricity. However, Canada has been slow to transition away from fossil fuels, its share falling from just 20% to 17% between 2015 and 2021. Canada has lagged behind in reducing coal use and accelerating wind and solar energy, and it must take ambitious action now.
France, Germany and Italy: EU countries aim to produce 63% of their electricity from clean energy by 2030. This figure is up from the 55% of previous commitments. This latest ambition puts the EU on track to achieve a net-zero electricity system by 2035. Ember has previously indicated that the EU can achieve this goal “at no additional cost” to announced plans and “without compromising the security of supply”.
Japan: Currently, 25% of Japan’s electricity comes from clean energy. He currently has a plan to increase that percentage to 38% by 2030, but that’s below what the IEA says G7 members need to be. According to a recent analysis by Ember, Japan could expand its clean energy capacity with offshore wind and nascent rooftop solar.
UK: The UK plans to generate 95% of its electricity from low-carbon sources by 2030. This includes plans to expand offshore wind to 50GW by 2030 and increase solar capacity by up to to five times by 2035. This puts the UK in an excellent position to achieve the clean energy ambition by 2035.
WE: President Joe Biden has pledged to move the United States toward 100% clean energy by 2035, including a short-term goal of 30 GW of offshore wind power by 2030. The past few months have been tough, with Sen. Joe Manchin (D-WV) opposing his own political party clean energy agenda, making it impossible for Democrats to pass ambitious clean energy laws due to a split 50/50 in the Senate. But, Biden recently invoked the Defense Production Act to increase production of solar panels, building insulation and other equipment. He said in a news group on June 20 that the United States had a chance to make a “fundamental shift to renewable energy.”
Read more: New clean energy cuts U.S. electricity generation from natural gas and coal
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